History of MAO College Amu

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History of Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College
History of Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College

History of AMU MAO College ( Mohammadan Anglo Oriental)

History of AMU Mohammadan Anglo-Oriental (M.A.O) College was very unique but first, we will discuss, Who augmented MAO College? Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College was established in 1875 by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, initially as a grammar school, to take it to a college-level organization, referred to as Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College. Its given Urdu name was Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind. It began procedure on Queen Victoria’s 56th birthday celebration, twenty-four could 1875. He discovered it as he thought of ability in English and “Western sciences” necessary skills for maintaining Muslims’ political impact, significantly in Northern Asian nation. Likewise, the developing impact and infamy of the Congress changed into a reason for worry for the nation.

To counter the developing impact of the Congress, nation authorized the arrangement of the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental (M.A.O.) Defense Association within the year 1893. it had been discovered as Madrasat ul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind in 1875, and following 2 years it became Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College after that in year 1920 it became Aligarh Muslim University. So, AMU has its a long history and Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was the Person who contribute their whole life for the advocacy of our Education. The lawmaker Sir Syed Ahmad Khan established the example of Aligarh Muslim University, the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, in 1875 having effectively settled 2 faculties. These were necessary for the event of Muslim arousing connected with Syed Ahmad Khan that came to be referred to as Aligarh Movement. He thought of capability in English and “Western sciences” as important skills for maintaining Muslims’ political impact, significantly in Northern Asian nations. 

Khan’s image for the college trusted his visit to Oxford Associate in Nursing Cambridge and he was required to create up an instruction framework just like the British model. Sir Syed breastfed the inspiration once English coaching was taboo. Intermediate categories were begun in 1878, and in 1881 B.A. degree categories were supplemental. In 1881, a standard help preliminary category was begun for attempting understudies. In 1887, it began to prepare understudies to enter the Thomason College of engineering at Roorkee.

 First and foremost, the college was related to the University of Calcutta for the registration assessment but changed into a partner of Allahabad University in 1885. In 1877, the college was raised to the high school level, and Robert Lytton, initial peer of writer

The school likewise distributed a magazine by its name. Sir Syed same that their goal was to create up a university. It had been the example of Aligarh Muslim University.

Aligarh Muslim University is an Associate in Nursing open central college in Aligarh, India, that was initially settled by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan because of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in 1875. Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920, once the Aligarh Muslim University Act.

On May 5, 1872, at a gathering of the committee for the Advancement of Muslim Education, Sir Syed processed his plan of a Muslim instructive organization. Gifts were to be welcome. A Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College Fund Committee was discovered. On Gregorian calendar month eight, 1877, the Viceroy Lord writer, established the framework stone of the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (MAO College). within the location that Sir Syed followed through on this event, he created 2 important focuses that are necessary today—the purpose was to create up a school and it had been to be discovered by Muslims.

“From the seed that we tend to sow nowadays, there could jump up a powerful tree whose branches, the same as those of the banyan of the dirt, can in their remodel strike firm roots into the planet and themselves send forward new and unbelievable saplings; that this College could venture into a University whose kids can proceed at some point of the length and expansiveness of the land to lecture the nice news of free inquiry and big-hearted lenience and pure moral quality”

Amu MAO college first Principle -Theodore Beck Intro

Who was the first principle Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College?  Theodore Beck (4 July 1859 tend Newington – a pair of September 1899, Shimla) was a Quaker and British educationist operating for nation dominion in Asian nation. From 1883 till his ending in 1899 he was Principal of Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, which later became Aligarh Muslim University.

Early life of Theodore Beck

Theodore Beck was the kid of Joseph Beck (1829-1891), an Associate in Nursing instrument maker. Joseph Beck was a person from the Anti-Slavery Society, money handler of the buddies War Victims Relief Committee throughout the warfare,[3] and drove the mission guaranteeing Clissold Park changed into a public park. Theodore was tutored at the University of London and Trinity College, Cambridge., wherever he was a functioning individual from the ‘Missionaries’, Associate in Nursing understudy society established by Frederick Denison Maurice. He was noninheritable his Cambridge B.A. in 1883.

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan mentioned Beck Principal from the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh after the fundamental Principal, Henry George Impey Siddons, had given up with persistent shortcoming in 1883, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan mentioned that Beck succeeds him. He was assigned Principal in 1883, developed simply 24, accepting accountability for the school on 1 February 1864 and filling in as Principal until his death in 1899.

Beck succeeded Henry George Impey Siddons, the essential Principal of M.A.O College in Aligarh, and filled in as Principal from 1883 to 1899. He was one of the secretaries of the Mohammedan Defense Association.

Another story of Sir Syed Khan prevailing setbacks

After Sir Syed kicked the pail in 1898, Beck offered himself an interest for a “Sir Syed Memorial store”. He created articles, passed on addresses and visited Allahbad and elsewhere to assemble resources for raising a proper celebration and setting up Sir Syed’s dream of a Muslim University. To raise MAO College to the circumstance with Muslim University, Beck expected to assemble a measure of Rs. 1,000,000. He winning concerning persuading Englishmen similarly as Muslims to contribute: the Viceroy Lord Elgin contributed Rs. 2,000. Regardless, Beck’s own prosperity began to fail as he worked upon the charm. Disregarding the way that he moved to Simla to recuperate, he kicked the can there on 2 September 1899. After he passed on his more energetic sister Emma Josephine Beck returned to Britain where she transformed into the secretary of the National Indian Association.

On 10th September 1920, the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (MAO College) of Aligarh was changed over into the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU). The essential grounds of the AMU are arranged in Aligarh and two workings off-grounds networks are arranged in Malappuram and Murshidabad.

The MAO was the brainchild of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, who after the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, though it was essential that Muslims train for Government occupations and prepare for extra arrangement in British Universities. Sir Syed was helped in the making of the MAO by Raja Jai Kishan.

In 1842 the British decided to exchange Persian for government occupations and since this was a huge language of the Court of Law, this caused a huge load of torment among Muslims. Sir Syed thought it critical for Muslims to be familiar with English and specialized examinations if their neighborhood to keep up its effect in India (especially in the North).

In preparation for the foundation of a Muslim University, Sir Syed began by starting schools. The Scientific Society of Aligarh was set up in 1864 to make a translation of western books into Indian lingos. This was in like manner the inception of the introduction of Western preparing in India.

Behind the history of MAO College

Another History of AMU MAO College related to finance – The Financial assistance for the sponsoring of the MAO was given by Sir Sultan Mahommad Shah, the Aga Khan III. In 1857, Sir Syed set up the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh and detailed the school after the Oxford and Cambridge Universities, which he had been to out making a trip to England. Sir Syed’s vision was to develop a school which was in a condition of agreement with British preparing, while simultaneously holding its Islamic character.

The MAO was the primary just private association set up either by the Government or by a broad society of India. All through the drawn-out, the school continued to make showed Indian Muslims who added to the political working environments of the British in traveler India. Messenger, Lord Curzon praised the school and the work it was doing uncommonly.

From the start, the MAO has joined forces with the Kolkata University and was in this manner moved to the Allahabad University in 1885. Before the century’s ludicrous had started its own magazine, The Aligarian, and had furthermore settled a master’s level college. Now associate improvement had begun within the varsity to vary over the MAO into a College. To deliver the goods, the MAO began by adding additional activities to the instructive arrangement and a College for young ladies was additionally opened in 1907. On the tenth of Sep 1920, the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental school remodeled into the Aligarh Muslim University.

AMU Infrastructure

The AMU grounds are unfolded over 467.6 hectares in the town of Aligarh. The grounds are flecked with Moslem equally as up to date coming up with. The AMU offers quite three hundred courses and pulls in understudies from where the globe, like West Africa and South East Asia. A couple of courses even have placed control for understudies from the SAARC and Commonwealth countries. The College is accessible to everybody autonomous of standing, articulation of confidence, religion, or sexual direction.

Besides academics, the AMU in like manner outfits understudies with sports workplaces, similar to football, cricket, ball, tennis, swimming, and horse riding.

The AMU has around 30,000 understudies, 1,400 instructors, and 6,000 non-showing staff on its cash. the varsity moreover has 12 assets in 95 workplaces, five foundations and thirteen centers, eighteen entryways of home with seventy-three hotels. The AMU moreover has 5 auxiliary faculties, one for the apparently tried and 2 senior discretionary faculties for young fellows and young ladies. The College moreover offers lodging workplaces to academics and understudies.

AMU Also established its Coaching Institute for Civil Service Aspirants with name AMU RCA in year 2010.


Henry St. George Impey Siddons

(Henry St. George Impey Siddons) – It came upon within the year 1884 and furthermore, was named when Henry St. George Impey Siddons, the first prime of the MAO College.

In 1877, Sir Syed came upon the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental school in Aligarh and planned the varsity when Oxford and Cambridge universities that he had visited out venturing bent on the European country. His objective was to manufacture a College on prime of Brits steering structure anyway while not dealing with its Moslem characteristics.

Trustees of MAO

A leading body of trustees was made public by the name of the foundation of a Muslim school and mentioned that folks save liberally. By then Viceroy and governor of Bharat, Thomas remotion gave an associate endowment of ₹10,000 whereas the Lt. Authoritative head of the North-Western Provinces contributed ₹1,000, and by March 1874 resources for the varsity stayed at ₹1,53,92 and Maharao Raja Mahamdar Singh Mahamder Bahadur of Patiala contributed ₹58,000 whereas Raja Shambhu Narayan of Benaras gave ₹60. Donations moreover rolled in from the maharajah of Vizianagaram yet. the varsity was from the beginning associated with the University of Calcutta for the register appraisal however remodeled into an associate assistant of Allahabad University in 1885. The seventh Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan created an impressive endowment of Rupees five hundred thousand to the current association within the year 1918.

List of Chancellor and Vice Chancellor in Aligarh Muslim University
Chancellors of AMU

The chancellors of AMU are as follows:

Vice-Chancellors of AMU
The vice-chancellors of AMU are as follows:
  • Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan Raja Saheb of Mahmudabad (December 1920 – February 1923)
  • Nawab Mohammad Muzammilullah Khan Sherwani (January 1927 – February 1929, March 1923 – December 1923 (officiating))
  • Sir Syed Ross Masood (February 1929 – October 1934)
  • Sir Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad (April 1935 – April 1938)
  • Zahid Husain (April 1947 – August 1947)
  • Nawab Mohammad Ismail Khan (October 1947 – November 1948, October 1934 – April 1935 (officiating))
  • Zakir Husain (November 1948 – September 1956)
  • B. H. Zaidi (October 1956 – November 1962)
  • Badruddin Tayyabji (November 1962 – February 1965)
  • Nawab Ali Yavar Jung (March 1965 – January 1968)
  • Abdul Aleem (January 1968 – January 1974)
  • A. M. Khusro (September 1974 – September 1979)
  • Saiyid Hamid, IAS (June 1980 – March 1985)
  • Syed Hasim Ali, IAS (April 1985 – October 1989)
  • M. N. Faruqui (October 1990 – December 1994)
  • Mahmoodur Rahman, IAS (May 1995 – May 2000)
  • Mohammad Hamid Ansari (May 2000 – March 2002)
  • Naseem Ahmad, IAS (May 2002 – April 2007)
  • P. K. Abdul Aziz (June 2007 – January 2012
  • Gen. Zameer Uddin Shah (Retd.) (May 2012 – May 2017)
  • Tariq Mansoor (May 2017 – present)
Categories: AMU


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