Unknown AMU History - From 1875 to 2021
The AMU History grew out of the work of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, the good Muslim reformer and statesman, who within the aftermath of the Indian War of Independence of 1857 felt that it had been important for Muslims to realize education and get entangled within the public life and government services in India. Raja Jai Kishan helped Sir Syed in establishing the university and that created a long AMU History.
AMU History after 1857
Sir Syed saw a requirement for Muslims to accumulate proficiency within the English and Western sciences if the community were to take care of its social and political clout, particularly in Northern India. He began to organize foundation for the formation of a Muslim University by starting schools at Moradabad (1858) and Ghazipur (1863).His purpose for the establishment of the Scientific Society in 1864, in Aligarh was to translate Western works into Indian languages as a prelude to organize the community to simply accept Western education and to inculcate scientific temperament among the Muslims. the extreme desire to ameliorate the social conditions of Indian Muslims led Sir Syed to publish the periodical, ‘Tehzibul Akhlaq’ in 1870. That was a rememberable periodical in AMU History
Foundation of MAO College
In 1877, Sir Syed founded the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh and patterned the school after Oxford and Cambridge universities that he had visited on a visit to England. His objective was to create a university in tune with British education system but without compromising its Islamic values. Sir Syed’s son, Syed Mahmood, who was an alumnus of Cambridge, prepared a proposal for an independent university to the “Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College Fund Committee” upon his return from England in 1872.
This proposal was adopted and subsequently modified. Syed Mahmood continued to figure along side his father in founding the school . it had been one among the primary purely residential educational institutions found out either by the govt or the general public in India. Over the years it gave rise to a replacement educated class of Indian Muslims who were active within the form of government of British Raj. When viceroy to India Lord Curzon visited the school in 1901, he praised the work which was carried on and called it of “sovereign importance”.
The college was originally affiliated with the University of Calcutta and subsequently got affiliated with the University of Allahabad in 1885. Near the turn of the century, the school began publishing its own magazine, “The Aligarian”, and established a school of law . it had been also around this point that a movement began to possess it become a university. to realize this goal, expansions were made and more academic programs added to the curriculum of the school . a faculty for women was established in 1907. By 1920 the school was transformed into the Aligarh Muslim University.
Establishment as university
Circa 1900, Muslim University Association was formed to spearhead efforts to rework the school into a university. the govt of India informed the association that a sum of rupees thirty lakhs should be collected to determine the university. Therefore, a Muslim University Foundation Committee was started and it collected the required funds. The contributions were made by Muslims also as non-Muslims. It is written AMU History that Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan and Aga Khan III had helped in realizing the thought by collecting funds for building the Aligarh Muslim University. With the MAO College as a nucleus, the Aligarh Muslim University was then established by the Aligarh Muslim University Act, 1920.
In 1927, the Ahmadi School for the dim-sighted , Aligarh Muslim University was established and within the following year, a school of medicine was attached to the university. the school of unani medicine, Ajmal Khan Tibbya College was established in 1927 with the Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College Hospital being established later in 1932. The Nehru Medical College and Hospital was established later in 1962 as a neighborhood of the university. In 1935, the Zakir Husain College of Engineering and Technology was also established as a constituent of the university.
Before 1939, faculty members and students supported an all-India nationalist movement but after 1939, political sentiment shifted towards support for a Muslim separatist movement. Students and school members supported Muhammad Ali Jinnah and therefore the university came to be a middle of the Pakistan Movement.
On January 8, 1877, the Viceroy Lord Lytton, laid the inspiration stone of the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (MAO College). The founding father of AMU thus made plain in 1877 that his aim was to determine a university, that the MAO College was but a stepping stone, which it had been to be established by the Muslims of India. These two decisive features marked the whole proceedings from 1877 until 1920. When Lord Ripon, the Viceroy, visited Aligarh in 1884, Sir Syed said: “Some day when our endowments are sufficient, we might request the govt to confer upon us the status of an independent University.”
He was thus fully conscious of the legal requirement of statutory incorporation for a university. Sir Syed couldn’t have imagined that 82 years later India’s highest court would hold that such statutory incorporation exhausted the undisputed historical incontrovertible fact that (a) the Muslims did all they might to determine their university, (b) they continuously asked the govt authority to accord the requisite statutory recognition, and (c) the university that was so established was supported terms agreed between the Muslims and therefore the government. The founder established another institution in 1886 which played its own role, the Muslim Education Conference (MEC). Time was fast running out. a tragic Sir Syed lamented in 1897, on the visit of Lord Elgin, the Viceroy, that he couldn’t hope to measure to ascertain a university for the Muslims of India almost like Oxford and Cambridge becoming a reality. He died on March 27, 1898.
As a young man, the Aga Khan had visited Aligarh in 1896 and promised Syed Ahmad an annual grant. In 1902, he had spoken in favour of a Muslim university in his presidential address at the Muhammadan Educational Conference. the thought of building a Muslim university was warmly greeted by all the Muslim personalities of the day. In December 1902, at the 16th session of the MEC held in Delhi, the Aga Khan supported the proposal in his presidential address during which he visualised this university as a Muslim Oxford.
The movement picked up speed. On January 10, 1911, the Syed Memorial Fund Committee was replaced by a Muslim University Foundation Committee headed by the Aga Khan and based in Aligarh. It acquired the assets of the previous . yet one more body was added in 1915, the Muslim University Association. On February 16, 1911, a Constitution Committee was found out with the Raja of Mahmudabad as president.